Quadrantids Meteor Shower Peaks Tonight
The first meteor shower of 2013 peaks Friday, January 4.
The Quadrantid meteor shower is named for an extinct constellation but the shooting stars it seems to sprout still arrive yearly. The 2013 show opened overnight Jan. 1 into Jan. 2., but will peak in the wee hours of Jan. 4, according to NASA.
Where to look
The best way to spot the meteor shower is to look north (and a little east) and find the Big Dipper (Ursa Major). Farther north (which would be roughly "up" if the Big Dipper were holding liquid) is the constellation Draco ("Dragon").
Draco's "head" of four bright stars, looks a little bit like the four stars that make up the cup end of the Big Dipper. Between the end of the Big Dipper's handle and Draco's head, you should spot the meteors—near the constellation Boötes.
According to the National Weather Service, Freehold skies will be clear tonight and the low will drop to about 25 - so bundle up when you go outside!
NASA gives us this historical description of the Quadrantids:
Like the Geminids, the Quadrantids originate from an asteroid, called 2003 EH1.
Dynamical studies suggest that this body could very well be a piece of a comet which broke apart several centuries ago, and that the meteors you will see before dawn on Jan. 3 are the small debris from this fragmentation. After hundreds of years orbiting the sun, they will enter our atmosphere at 90,000 mph, burning up 50 miles above Earth's surface—a fiery end to a long journey!
The Quadrantids derive their name from the constellation of Quadrans Muralis (mural quadrant), which was created by the French astronomer Jerome Lalande in 1795. Located between the constellations of Boötes and Draco, Quadrans represents an early astronomical instrument used to observe and plot stars.
Even though the constellation is no longer recognized by astronomers, it was around long enough to give the meteor shower—first seen in 1825—its name.
Adolphe Quetelet of the Brussels Observatory discovered the shower in the 1830s, and shortly afterward it was noted by several other astronomers in Europe and America.
Spacedex.com says the annual Quadrantids shower has one of the highest predicted hourly rates of all the major showers, and is comparable to the two of the most lively, the August Perseids and the December Geminids.
More from Spacedex.com:
While the plus side of this annual shower is its ability to produce fireballs, and its high hourly rates, the downside is its short peak. Quadrantids has an extremely narrow peak, occurring over just a few short hours. The Quadrantids are also well known for producing fireballs, meteors that are exceptionally bright. These meteors can also, at times, generate persistent trails (also identified as trains).
Those living in the northern hemisphere have an opportunity to experience a much better view of the Quadrantids, as the constellation Boötes never makes it above the horizon in the southern hemisphere...Observers in higher latitudes will have better gazing conditions, but nevertheless will need to be wary of cloud cover, as conditions are typically cloudy during this time of year.
David Gurliacci contributed to this article.